At the Colorado Center for Gynecologic Oncology, we provide as many tips as we can that might help you lower your risk of getting cancer. Unfortunately, while there is no guaranteed way to prevent cancer, the article below covers some research that may help you lower your risks for ovarian cancer.
Although there is no known way to completely prevent ovarian cancer, research has shown that there are some things that can reduce a woman’s risk of developing the disease. They include:
- Oral Contraception: Birth control pills reduce the risk of ovarian cancer, especially among women who use them for several years. In studies, compared with women who never used oral contraceptives, those who used oral contraceptives for three years or more had a 30 to 50 percent lower risk of developing ovarian cancer.
- Breastfeeding and Pregnancy: Giving birth to one or more children, particularly delivering the first before age 25, and breastfeeding, may decrease a woman’s risk of developing ovarian cancer.
- Tubal Ligation: This is a surgical procedure in which the fallopian tubes are tied to prevent pregnancy. This procedure reduces the risk of developing ovarian cancer.
- Hysterectomy: A hysterectomy has been demonstrated to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer. A woman should not have a hysterectomy exclusively to avoid the risk of ovarian cancer, but if one is being performed for valid medical reasons, she should talk to her doctor about having her ovaries removed at the same time.
- Prophylactic Oophorectomy: Oophorectomy is the surgical removal of one or both ovaries. A woman should discuss this procedure with her doctor to determine her individual risk for the disease and the benefits of prophylactic surgery.
- Healthy diet and exercise: According to the American Cancer Society, eating right, being active, and maintaining a healthy weight are important ways to reduce the risk of cancer, and other diseases.