One of the most common cancers in women worldwide.

Cervical cancer starts in the cells lining the cervix, the lower part of the uterus. Cervical cancers and cervical pre-cancers are staged by how they look under a microscope. The main types of cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Nearly all women with cervical cancer have human papillomavirus (HPV). Routine Pap test screening has reduced deaths due to cervical cancer by 74% over the past 50 years. Cervical cancer remains a powerful health threat around the world. Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer which is more often detected in older patients and younger patients that have contracted HPV. Cervical cancer is often treated with surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Often combinations of these treatments are used in the treatment process.

Signs of Cervical Cancer & Symptoms

  • Vaginal bleeding after sex
  • Pain during sex
  • Bleeding after menopause
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Unusual bloody discharge between periods or after menopause
  • Longer or heavier than usual periods

Cervical cancer starts in the cells that line the cervix — the lower part of the uterus. Most other cervical cancers develop from gland cells.

One of the Most Successfully Treated Cancers


Ignoring symptoms may allow cancer to progress and lower chances for effective treatment.

  • Early cervical cancer typically has no symptoms
  • Irregular bleeding
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Pelvic pain
  • Postcoital bleeding

Risk Factors

It helps to focus on those risk factors you can change or avoid rather than those you cannot.

  • Smoking
  • Immunosuppression (HIV)
  • Multiparous
  • Long history of BCP use
  • Early sexual activity


Depending on the type and stage of a cancer, you may need more than one type of treatment.

  • Robotic Radical Hysterectomy
  • Fertility Sparing Surgery
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Survival