Vulvar cancer is a rare form of gynecologic cancer, but pelvic exams greatly improve the chances of early detection.

Vulvar is the second most typical type of cancer we treat which often gets misdiagnosed until there is a large enough tumor on the vulva. Half of all Vulvar Cancers are linked with the high-risk HPV. Types of vulvar cancer include Squamous cell carcinomas, Adenocarcinoma, Melanoma, Sarcoma and Basal cell carcinoma. Most cancers of the vulva are squamous cell carcinomas which begin in squamous cells, the main type of skin cells. However, there are several subtypes of squamous cell carcinoma, the keratinizing type is most common, and usually develops in older women. Basaloid and warty types are less common and are often found in younger women with HPV infections.

This Cancer Account for Only About 4% of Reproductive Cancers in Women.

Common Symptoms and Facts:

  • Vulva that looks different from normal
  • A bump or lump, which could be red, pink, or white
  • Thickening of the skin of the vulva
  • Itching, pain or burning
  • Bleeding or discharge
  • Open sores

Cancer of the vulva most often affects the inner edges of the labia majora or the labia minora. Cancer occurs on the clitoris or in the Bartholin glands less often.

The average age of women diagnosed with invasive vulvar cancer is 70, compared to women diagnosed with non-invasive vulvar cancer average 20 years younger.


Ignoring symptoms may allow cancer to progress and lower chances for effective treatment.

  • Burning
  • Itching
  • Bleeding
  • Skin color change
  • Persistent lesions
  • Dysuria
  • Pain

Risk Factors

It helps to focus on those risk factors you can change or avoid rather than those you cannot.

  • HPV
  • History of cervical cancer/dysplasia
  • Immunosuppression
  • Smoking
  • Chronic vulvar pruritis


Depending on the type and stage of a cancer, you may need more than one type of treatment.

  • Radical Surgery/Lymphadenectomy
  • Radiation